Return to Brain Disorders

MRI Image of a Frontal Meningioma (Gold Arrow)

Most primary brain tumors (those that come from the brain itself) come from glial cells and are called "gliomas." Glial cells are cells that help neurons ("brain cells") to function.

Types of glial cells and their respective brain tumors are as follows:

  • Astrocytes/Astrocytoma,
  • Oligodendrocyte/Oligodendroglioma
  • Ependymal Cell/Ependymoma

Gliomas represent "brain cancer" as it is a cancerous tumor that has started in the brain.

The most common glioma is a type of astrocytoma called a Glioblastoma Multiforme; this represents a highly malignant brain cancer.

Most gliomas will be treated with a combination of surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Surgery is usually the first step in therapy. Surgery will range from tumor biopsy to complete tumor removal depending on the type and location of the tumor.

Most gliomas can be treated but not cured.